and title of a source (journal, book, or other) used in a published
work. Such citations can be counted as measures of the usage and impact
of the cited work. Among the measures that have emerged from citation
analysis are the citation counts for:
- an individual article (how often it was cited);
- an author (total citations, or average citation count per article);
- a journal (average citation count for the articles in the journal).
its forms, spanning from bias to discipline-dependence and limitations
of the citation data source. Further, each specific discpline has its
own citing behaviour and the value of citation impact will vary across
Citation impact may be used together with qualitative assessment (e.g. peer review) and other measures of esteem as an
indication of scholarly performance for the purposes of University
ranking exercises, awarding government block funding for research,
competitive research grants and promotions.
Major citation databases
by whom, and how often an article has been cited. However their coverage
of humanities & social sciences literature is limited.
For a detailed comparison of Scopus and Web of Science see the article in HLWiki (Canada).
Beyond these, some subject-specific databases also provide citation linking. See the Sciences/Medical & Dental or Humanities/Social Sciences sub-pages for more information.
Citation impact - Research Impact and Profiles - Guides at University of Western Australia