Monday, 16 October 2017

SSRN Top Downloads For: AARN: Educational Policies & Equality (Topic)

 Source: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/topten/topTenResults.cfm?groupingId=2136383&netorjrnl=jrnl





Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing

 

Abstract

This paper discusses plagiarism origins, and the ethical solutions
to prevent it. It also reviews some unethical approaches, which may be
used to decrease the plagiarism rate in academic writings. We propose
eight ethical techniques to avoid unconscious and accidental plagiarism
in manuscripts without using online systems such as Turnitin and/or
iThenticate for cross checking and plagiarism detection. The efficiency
of the proposed techniques is evaluated on five different texts using
students individually. After application of the techniques on the texts,
they were checked by Turnitin to produce the plagiarism and similarity
report. At the end, the "effective factor" of each method has been
compared with each other; and the best result went to a hybrid
combination of all techniques to avoid plagiarism. The hybrid of ethical
methods decreased the plagiarism rate reported by Turnitin from nearly
100% to the average of 8.4% on 5 manuscripts.


















Keywords: Plagiarism, Plagiarism Prevention, Academic Cheating, Ethical Approaches, Unethical Approaches







JEL Classification: L11, L1, L2, M11, M12, M1, M54, Q1, O1, O3, P42, P24, P29, Q31, Q32, L17














































































































Bakhtiyari, Kaveh and Salehi, Hadi and
Embi, Mohamed Amin and Shakiba, Masoud and Zavvari, Azam and
Shahbazi-Moghadam, Masoomeh and Ale Ebrahim, Nader and Mohammadjafari,
Marjan, Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in
Academic Writing (June 19, 2014). International Education Studies, vol.
7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2457669
 





SSRN Top Downloads

Thursday, 12 October 2017

Will 'Publish or Perish' Become 'Clicks or Canned'? The Rise of Academic Social Networks | EdSurge News



 Source: https://www.edsurge.com/news/2017-08-01-will-publish-or-perish-become-clicks-or-canned-the-rise-of-academic-social-networks

Will 'Publish or Perish' Become 'Clicks or Canned'? The Rise of Academic Social Networks

Scholars want peers to find—and cite—their research, and these days
that increasingly happens on social media. The old adage ‘publish or
perish’ could soon go digital as ‘clicks or canned.’

Several
platforms have emerged over the past decade, offering researchers the
chance to share their work and connect with other scholars. But some of
those services have a bad rap from academics who say commercial sites
lack the integrity of institutional repositories run by traditional
universities. (Among the most widely-villified are ResearchGate and Academia.edu, which is evident by griping on social media and elsewhere.)

“The
idea that some of these sites are for-profit raises questions about
whether our work is really going to be available to the public, or if
we’re doing it for free for a corporation,” says Fatima Espinoza
Vasquez, assistant professor at the University of Kentucky’s School of
Information Science. “It also raises copyright issues. Even though we
own our work, researchers have to be very careful because academic
journals often have specific rules that about where you publish
research.”

Vasquez, who co-authored a 2015 paper
comparing services and tools offered by various academic social
networks, says researchers must weigh the benefits and drawbacks of
each. “They can be great tools to advance your research, especially
social research,” she says. “But just like with Facebook or any other
social network, we need to be aware of potential issues we might have
with copyright or privacy.”

Here’s a quick look at the academic social networks currently out there, and what they offer to scholars.

Academia.edu

With 53 million users and 19 million posted papers, Academia.edu
is the largest of the academic social networks. The site presents
itself as the easiest way to share papers with other academics, and
argues that its internal research shows that uploading your research
will yield a significant (69 percent) boost to citations over a
five-year period.

Users can create a profile, upload work, and
track views and citations. While Academia.edu is free to join, the site
introduced a premium feature in December 2016 that allows users to track
details about who’s looking at their research papers (similar to
LinkedIn Premium’s ability to show who’s viewed your profile). The
addition of paid features sparked a bit of controversy, causing some scholars to pull away from the commercial site in favor of institution-hosted repositories.

ResearchGate

Berlin-based ResearchGate raised more than $100 million in funding
over the past few years and has been working to expand its features.
More popular with scientific researchers than humanities scholars, the
platform focuses on sharing research outcomes—whether they’re
publishable or not. Traditionally, only successful experiments are
written up and accepted by peer-reviewed academic journals, but Ijad
Madisch, co-founder and CEO of ResearchGate, believes it’s just as important to share failed experiments.

According
to its website, ResearchGate’s mission is “to connect the world of
science and make research open to all.” The platform is free to join and
allows researchers to post their publications, connect with other
academics, and search for the publications of other users. ResearchGate
has grown exponentially in the past few years and currently has about 13 million users worldwide.

Mendeley

Created as a reference-management tool to help users organize their research, Mendeley
also includes a number of social-networking features. Users can connect
in private or public groups, comment on papers and keep track of the
connections of other users that they follow via a Facebook-like
newsfeed. The service also features a number of tools for research
management, including the ability to generate bibliographies, import
papers from other software and allow users to annotate documents.

Mendeley started as an open-access research network, and some researchers balked when publishing giant Elsevier purchased the site in 2013. While open science advocates remain skeptical of the partnership, Mendeley is still a popular choice for researchers looking to collaborate with other scholars.

Scholabrate

The latest addition to the growing list of social-networks aimed for higher education is Scholabrate.
The service claims to provide a more Facebook-esque, visual experience
for academics seeking to network with others in their field.

Aviv
Pichhadze, CEO and founder of Knowledge Observer, the company behind
Scholabrate, says most of his competitors are focused on publications
and research. “We asked instead, how do you highlight the individual as
opposed to the product?” He added that the site includes fields for
achievements in teaching, voluntary community work, and awards.

Instead
of acting as a repository for uploaded papers, Scholabrate allows you
to post links to externally published work. Users can connect with each
other and collaborate directly through the platform using one-on-one
videoconferencing or group discussion. “We want to streamline the
process of connecting and collaborating,” Pichhadze says.

Zotero

Similar to Mendeley, Zotero
functions primarily as a research tool, allowing users to collect,
save, cite and share materials from a wide range of sources. The site
also maintains a significant community of academics who can connect
through groups and forums, or through their search engine. Each Zotero
user can build a personal profile complete with CVs and other detailed
information.

It’s hard to say just how important these social
networks for scholars will become. “There are so many new sites coming
out, and I think everyone wants to play a role,” says Vasquez. “One
concern I don’t think people are talking about is how these sites are
tracking the most popular topics and showing that data to users. I
wonder, will research be dictated by big trends instead of actual
societal needs or individual interests? It’ll be interesting to see what
happens.”

 



Will 'Publish or Perish' Become 'Clicks or Canned'? The Rise of Academic Social Networks | EdSurge News

Despite Growth, Scientific Networking Sites Are Likely to Complement, Not Replace Open Access Repositories | Open Science

 Source: http://openscience.com/despite-their-initial-proliferation-scientific-networking-sites-are-likely-to-complement-not-replace-open-access-repositories/





Despite Growth, Scientific Networking Sites Are Likely to Complement, Not Replace Open Access Repositories

Group on Earth Observations Summit in Geneva, Switzerland, January 14, 2014 | © Courtesy of United States Mission Geneva.



October 12, 2017
Even though social media performance becomes
increasingly important for scientists, questions about the implications
that the business models of scholarly networking sites have persist,
while leaving institutional repositories and Open Access publishers with
a significant role to play in knowledge sharing.


A Blog Article by Pablo Markin.



As scholars become increasingly concerned with the visibility and
view counts that their scientific articles generate, social networking
platforms have been slated to become the primary venues for the
dissemination and sharing of scientific knowledge. However, as Jessica
Leigh Brown implies, as these scholarly social networking sites, such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu,
have sought to achieve both economic sustainability and reputation
within different scientific communities, Open Access institutional
repositories run by universities and institutes are likely to continue
to be important for ensuring content availability in the long term.


In other words, either as open source projects, e.g., Zotero, or startup initiatives, such as ResearchGate, Academia.edu and Mendeley,
these scholarly networks depend on either non-profit, donation-based or
private funding, which can either limit their scope or involve the
privatization of digital commons with possible non-positive responses in
the scientific communities. For instance, ResearchGate has had to
demonstrate swift reaction
to copyright infringement allegations from large journal publishers,
Academia.edu has not met with an enthusiastic response from scholars to
its attempts to introduce paid-for services and Mendeley, upon its
purchase by Elsevier in 2013, has raised concerns that its content
sharing practices might deviate from the principles of Open Access.


Even though social networking sites have been expected to further
promote the scientific communication and even provide alternatives to
the traditional publishing models, as Cornelius Puschmann has argued in 2013, despite their limited proliferation and growth performance,
such as in the case of ResearchGate, their eventual effect on the
journal publishing industry has not necessarily proved to be significant
or disruptive. While both specialized science-oriented and
general-purpose social networks, such as Twitter and Facebook, can
facilitate communication with colleagues, research promotion and
information dissemination locally and internationally, the effects of
the underlying business models that these platforms have are not
necessarily supportive of Open Access, due to their not infrequent
profit orientation. As David Grotty has stressed,
the practices of private social networking sites, such as user behavior
tracking, are likely to affect scholarly communication the implications
of which only begin to be fully comprehended for both content sharing
and scholarly networking, as large publishers either purchase or sue
science-related social networks.


By contrast, Open Access article and book publishers and repositories
are generally not expected to generate revenues off digital content
circulation, have transparent cost structures and can provide long-term
access to materials they store. This cannot be said of private social
networking companies that are exposed to market forces and legal
consequences of insufficiently protecting intellectual property rights.


Thus, both Open Access journal publishers and institutional
repositories are likely to play complementary roles in scientific
communication and networking in the future.


By Pablo Markin



Featured Image Credits: Group on Earth Observations Summit in Geneva, Switzerland, January 14, 2014 | © Courtesy of United States Mission Geneva.




Despite Growth, Scientific Networking Sites Are Likely to Complement, Not Replace Open Access Repositories | Open Science

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Workshop on "Academic Social Networking Sites: Improves Research Visibility and Impact"















Ale Ebrahim, Nader (2017): Academic Social Networking Sites: Improves Research Visibility and Impact. figshare.

https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.5483785.v1 Retrieved: 02:20, Oct 12, 2017 (GMT)
Academic Social Networking Sites: Improves Research Visibility and Impact

Conference Presentation Dos and Don’ts for Scientists | Graphical and video abstracts | Animate Your Science



 Source: https://www.animate-science.com/single-post/Conference-Presentation-Dos-and-Donts-for-Scientists

Conference Presentation Dos and Don’ts for Scientists

September 25, 2017

Meet Dr. Smart.

Dr. Smart is a terrific scientist who’s making exciting discoveries to advance her field of research.

She
knows her stuff. But unfortunately, like many scientists, Dr. Smart
struggles with the fear of presenting her research before a large
conference room of people.

She
stands up and goes red behind the ears. Her palms start to sweat, and
her heart hammers in her chest. And let’s not forget the butterflies in
the pit of her stomach. When she starts to speak, her voice cracks like a
12-year-old schoolgirl. And all she can think about is how much she
longs for the sweet solace of her hotel room.

Of
course, Dr. Smart eventually pulls it together. But even then, she’s
unsure of how to best present her data. She doesn’t want to present too
little, lest she leave the audience wanting more. And she doesn’t want
to present too much, lest they fall asleep in their seats.

Can you relate even a little? If so, keep reading to discover the Dos and Don’ts of conference presentations.



But wait, why attend conferences in the first place?

You
may be wondering why conference presentations are still a thing. I
mean, it’s 2017 after all, can’t you just put together a solid digital
strategy and avoid conferences altogether?

Well, yes and no. There’s no denying you need a strong digital presence.
But nothing beats public speaking when it comes to really getting your
message across and connecting with your audience. Also, the face-to-face
networking opportunities that conferences provide are just too good to
miss.

For
these reasons and others, we must go forth on our pilgrimages to cities
near and far to spend time mingling with our fellow peers over bad
coffee and dry bagels. It’s what we do.

Here’s
the thing. . . conferences are here to stay, so we should learn how to
master them and get the most bang for our buck with our attendance.

If
you want to be remembered for your groundbreaking research, and not for
the way you passed out at the lectern, simply apply these tips and
tricks and start presenting like a pro!

DOS

1) Tell a story.
Once upon a time. . . Hook the audience right away by bringing them
along on your journey of discovery. Also, sprinkle in personal anecdotes
to help break up the hard science.

2) Practice, practice, practice. Successful
presentations require time, energy and several rehearsals. Here’s a
pro-tip: If you refuse to practice until you get it right, at least
practice until you can’t get it wrong.

3) Use humour. Bring
your presentation to the next level by injecting some well-timed comic
relief. Try to make it personal and even add some self-deprecating
humour. A miserably-failed experiment makes for an entertaining story!

4) Use text sparingly and simple visuals. Power
Point slides are only meant to support and augment your presentation,
you should never let them become sole center of focus. Simplicity in
your slides will help keep the attention of your audience. Remember,
less is more!

5) Positive body language.
Stand confident with a smile, and try your best to maintain an upbeat
energy throughout your presentation. Also, remember to establish eye
contact with the audience members. This will keep them engaged and will
inspire their confidence in you.

6) Embed a short video.
This adds variety and will make your presentation more memorable. And,
at the end of your presentation, you should share the video on social
media so your audience can start a social media frenzy to amplify the
reach of your message.

7) Dress the part.
Your audience subconsciously forms an opinion about you the moment you
step on stage. Give yourself a leg up by dressing sharp and being
well-groomed. Nail that positive first-impression, and earn the respect
of your audience.


DON’TS

1) Don’t read directly from your slides.
Remember, you don’t want your slides to steal the show. If you do,
you’re essentially saying that your slides are more important than you.
Which they aren’t. This also makes for a boring presentation. Face the
audience and keep that eye contact!

2) Don’t include too much text. By keeping your slides short and concise, the audience will quickly take away the key points and keep the focus on you.

3) Don’t show big tables or more than one graph per slide. This
can get confusing quick, as the audience won’t be sure where they
should be looking. If you have multiple graphs, put them on separate
slides to ensure they’re readable from a distance and not overwhelming.

4) Don’t slouch and cross your arms.
Be intentional with your body language. Most of your message is
communicated nonverbally, so stand tall and confident. You’re proud of
your research. . . make sure your body language reflects it.

5) Don’t talk so fast.
Pause, breathe and slow down. It’s a normal response to talk faster
when the adrenalin starts pumping. However, your audience still listens
at a normal speed. Keeping a relaxed pace will make you look confident
and will allow your message to truly stick.

6) Don’t speak in a monotone voice. If you take the Ben Stein approach,
you’ll likely cause your audience to zone out which could ruin your
entire presentation. Speak with a variety of tones and inflections to
keep your audience engaged.

7) Don’t hide behind the lectern. These
days we have wonderful wireless clickers and microphones. Use them!
This will allow you to walk around with confidence and own the stage.
Remember, the name of the game is keeping the attention of your audience
and delivering the goods.

After
learning these do’s and don’ts, Dr Smart was able to effectively
prepare for her conference presentation. She kept her nerves under
control, and she presented her research with confidence. As a result,
she impressed her audience, and they went away with a much better
understanding of the developments in her field of research.

So
don’t bore your audience and let your research go unnoticed. Instead,
follow in Dr. Smart’s footsteps and start giving conference
presentations like a pro!




Conference Presentation Dos and Don’ts for Scientists | Graphical and video abstracts | Animate Your Science