What is Bibliometrics
publications, capturing data about publications primarily citation
Bibliometric measures: number of publications, number of cited
publications, number of times a citation has been cited, H-index,
Journal impact factors.
The underlying assumption of Bibliometrics is that the number of
times a work is cited is a measure of the influence or impact of the
research. There are limitations to any Bibliometric tool.
Bibliometrics and Impact
is determined by the number of works they have published and the number
of times those works have been cited. An H-index is an indicator of
Article/book impact – The impact of an article/book
is determined by the number of times they have been cited. Citation
information can be sourced at the article level, databases such as Web
of Science and Scopus display article level metrics.
Journal impact – The impact of a journal can be
determined by a number of factors including how many times the articles
in the journal have been cited, the prestige of the journal, and the
likelihood of citations within a field of research. Impact Factor
(through Web of Science), SJR and SNIP (through Scopus), and Eigenfactor
(freely available) are tools that can measure the impact of a journal.
Institutional impact: Measures the collective
citation frequency (collective impact) of the institution or department
within the institution. This allows benchmarking against other
institutions or departments of similar size and/or prestige.
Other measures of impact
Alternative metrics or altmetrics is an emerging field in
Bibliometrics and refers to analytics of online scholarly interactions
to determine reach, particularly through social media.
What is impact and why is it important?
research in the most optimal journal for the intended audience. Often
when people refer to impact they refer to the quality of the journal and
its impact and reach. Journal quality is determined by a number of
criteria that is specific to your discipline area, but popular
Bibliometric measures of journal quality are journal Impact Factor™
(Thompson Reuters) and SCImago journal rank (Scopus data).
Impact also refers to the impact and reach of your own work. Impact
can be determined through Bibliometrics such as citation counts or
altmetrics. There are a number of different metrics that can be used to
assess impact. These metrics and the Bibliometric tools used to discover
them are covered in the section ‘What’s my impact?’
Disseminating your research as widely as possible helps the
visibility of your work and increases the potential for your work to be
cited. Increase the visibility of your research through open access.
Flinders University supports open access through dissemination of
research through the Institutional Repository, the Flinders Academic
This guide helps you determine the right journal for you and your
discipline, how to increase your reach through Open Access, and how to
assess the impact of your research.
Citation counts can be affected in a number of other ways:
- No single source is comprehensive.
- Publication dates may affect your results.
- Frequency of a journal may affect results.
- Highly cited articles don't always mean excellent research, esteem must also be taken in to account.
- Research measures differ across disciplines.