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Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in Academic Writing



This paper discusses plagiarism origins, and the ethical solutions
to prevent it. It also reviews some unethical approaches, which may be
used to decrease the plagiarism rate in academic writings. We propose
eight ethical techniques to avoid unconscious and accidental plagiarism
in manuscripts without using online systems such as Turnitin and/or
iThenticate for cross checking and plagiarism detection. The efficiency
of the proposed techniques is evaluated on five different texts using
students individually. After application of the techniques on the texts,
they were checked by Turnitin to produce the plagiarism and similarity
report. At the end, the "effective factor" of each method has been
compared with each other; and the best result went to a hybrid
combination of all techniques to avoid plagiarism. The hybrid of ethical
methods decreased the plagiarism rate reported by Turnitin from nearly
100% to the average of 8.4% on 5 manuscripts.

Keywords: Plagiarism, Plagiarism Prevention, Academic Cheating, Ethical Approaches, Unethical Approaches

JEL Classification: L11, L1, L2, M11, M12, M1, M54, Q1, O1, O3, P42, P24, P29, Q31, Q32, L17

Bakhtiyari, Kaveh and Salehi, Hadi and
Embi, Mohamed Amin and Shakiba, Masoud and Zavvari, Azam and
Shahbazi-Moghadam, Masoomeh and Ale Ebrahim, Nader and Mohammadjafari,
Marjan, Ethical and Unethical Methods of Plagiarism Prevention in
Academic Writing (June 19, 2014). International Education Studies, vol.
7, no. 7, pp. 52-62, 2014. Available at SSRN:

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