Saturday, 6 June 2015

Get published | Deakin University Library - Bibliometrics tools to measure research impact


Bibliometrics tools to measure research impact

analysis is an aspect of bibliometrics that provides the ability to
track the work of authors, the influence of papers and the trajectory of
research ideas by examining citation counts as depicted in key citation
indexes and online resources. A citation count refers to the number of
times one
paper has been cited or referenced on the work of another.

Citation tracking refers to the analysis of the following data:

  • what is published (the paper)
  • by whom (author(s) and associated affiliations)
  • where (which journal)

What is citation analysis?

Citation analysis is performed by citation indexes (Web of Science and Scopus) and online citation tools (Google Scholar),
which can:

  • Demonstrate how often a published work, such as a journal article, has been cited or referenced in other published works
  • Find out where your research has been cited and by whom
  • Track the research activities of others
  • Analyse the impact of published research
  • Follow the history of an idea and the direction it has taken
The presentation - tracking authors and papers (PDF, 7.1MB) provides information on how to perform citation analysis using Scopus, Web of
Science and Google Scholar.


aims to offer the broadest available index of citations to
peer-reviewed serial publications in scientific, technical, medical and
social science literature. Scopus' indexation of books and works
published prior
to 1996 is limited.

Web of Science

Web of Science
aims to selectively index citations to publications that it considers
to be the most important and influential in the natural sciences, social
sciences, and arts and humanities. Web of Science's most comprehensive
indexation is to natural sciences journals, and the product also
indexes citations to a limited number and range of books.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar
generates citations to works that are scholarly in nature. It covers
many fields of research, providing users with the most comprehensive,
but not necessarily the most reliable, count of citations.  Scholar's
indexation selection
criteria is opaque, and the product sometimes falsely attributes
citations or indexes works more than once.  Further, it is only possible
to search for data on individual publications such as articles, rather
than serials such as journals.

Citation analysis using Google Scholar is made possible via the freely available software Publish or Perish.

  • This software was created and is made available by Professor Anne-Wil Harzing, who maintains a resource rich website, which is also home to the Journal Quality List, a list of 'comparative rankings for more than 900 academic journals'.

Resources on the Web

Resources on the Web providing background information and guidelines on how to perform citation analysis.

Measuring your research impact or MyRI is an Open Access toolkit to support bibliometrics training and awareness.

  • Resources include an online tutorial in 3 modules:
    • introductory overview
    • journal ranking;
    • bibliometrics to support your career and research strategy
  • Supporting materials such as worksheets/presentations/lesson plans are available for download and are able to be customised
Measuring impact in the Social Sciences is a website created by the London School of Economics and Social Sciences.

Helpful information from other Universities

  • The University of Queensland has produced a series of Research Output and Impact factsheets providing a background to the topics of citation counts, citation metrics, Bibliometrics and
  • University of New England has developed Citation Tracking, an online module which provides an overview how to track citations within key databases. Also
    includes a discussion of limitations of using Google Scholar.
  • University of Melbourne's online guide to Tracking Citations
    provides details on how to do citation tracking in Web of Science,
    Scopus, Google Scholar and other databases. Also includes YouTube
    clips on citation searching, journal citation reports and the

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