Monday, 8 June 2015

Researcher identifiers and your publication profile |


Researcher identifiers and your publication profile

Portraits of four fifteenth-century print-makers
of print-makers Gutenberg, Manutius, Koster, Fust and Frobenius.
Title-page from Michel Maittaire, ‘Annales typographici’, The Hague,
1719 (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam).
merely undertaking interesting research is not enough to build a
successful career as a researcher; it’s also crucial in the competitive
world of academia to be able to demonstrate the impact, influence and
reach of your research. Thing 07 explores a range of tools that can help
you do this. This week’s post was written by Jennifer Warburton,
Program Leader: Research Impact & Training, and Satu Alakangas,
Liaison Librarian & Research Support (Business & Economics).

Getting started

This week we explore the benefits of
setting up Researcher Identifiers to create an accessible online
presence for your research outputs. They can also help you to track and
measure the impact of your scholarly research publications.
If you are an academic, you are likely to
have an online university profile. However, there are a number of other
researcher profile systems or researcher identifiers that can link your
publications and create a unique scholarly identity. Some are
open-access initiatives, others are linked to subscription citation
databases, and increasingly the various systems are becoming

Benefits of Researcher Identifiers

We believe it’s well worth investing time
to set up your researcher identifiers and online publication profile.
They increase your online visibility and thus the chances of your
research being read and being cited. Researcher profiles can be browsed
by other researchers, prospective research collaborators, students,
journalists, and funding bodies.
Researcher identifiers also distinguish
you from other researchers via author disambiguation. When researchers
have similar or identical names it can be difficult for others to easily
identify or attribute your work. Some researchers change names during
their careers and author names may be displayed in varying formats in
different publications and indexes. Researcher identifiers can be used
to group all name variations under which you may have published and your
affiliations with different institutions.
You may be required to list your
publishing ‘track record’ or ‘Top 10’ publications as evidence of
scholarly impact for academic tenure,  promotion and funding
applications. The gathering of this information can be time-consuming if
done manually. Researcher profiles and identifiers assist with the easy
compilation of research impact report. Also, it’s quick to check who
has been citing your papers!

Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID)

an open, non-profit, and internationally recognised registry of unique
researcher identifiers. It provides a method for linking your research
activities and outputs using a 16-digit number to identify individual
researchers in much the same way that ISBNs and DOIs identify individual
books and articles. ORCID is discipline- and corporate-neutral and also
interlinks other identifier systems.
ORCID identifiers are increasingly being
used by journal publishers, funding bodies and university repositories,
to identify individual researchers. A number of journal submission
systems now ask for ORCID identifiers, and one of the major medical
funding agencies, the National Health and Medical Research Council
(NHMRC), suggests that researchers with an ORCID could include it in
their Research Grant Management System (RGMS) user profile. The
Australian Research Council (ARC) may follow suit.
ORCID itself does not track citations, but it can be used with citation indexes.

Try this

Set up an ORCID identifier if you don’t
already have one. It’s a short and easy process and will save you time
later. If you have more than one university email address, it is
important that you make sure that your ORCID account has all your email
addresses associated with it to avoid duplicate ORCIDs being created. In
the second half of 2014 the University of Melbourne will start work
with ORCID to create IDs for Research Higher Degree students.

ResearcherID (Thomson Reuters)

Thomson Reuters, producer of Web of Science, provides the free ResearcherID service which can be used even if your publications are not indexed in Web of Science.    
With a ResearcherID you can build a
biographical profile and an online publication list, which is not
restricted to journal articles but can also include patents, conference
proceedings, grants and so on. The ResearcherID can provide citation
counts for any of your Web of Science-indexed papers, and an
‘h-index’ is automatically calculated on these. ResearcherID profiles
can be public or private and there is an option to assign an ORCID at
the same time.
When used within the Web of Science
database, ResearcherID  simplifies the process of compiling Author
Citation Reports, h-indexes and other publication metrics, and provides
greater accuracy. This can be handy when you need to gather research
impact metrics quickly for that looming application deadline.
As an example, take a look at the ResearcherID of Mitchell Black.
Mitchell is a PhD candidate based in Earth Sciences here at the
University of Melbourne and has kindly agreed to share his ResearcherID
with 23 Research Things. As you can see, having added his publications, Mitchell can get publication metrics for the papers indexed in Web of Science via
the Citation Metrics link. Like many with ResearcherIDs Mitchell lists
his in his email signature as part of his professional calling-card.
For more information on ResearcherID, see the website and this factsheet.

Scopus Author Identifier (Elsevier)

another of the large subscription citation indexes, provides citation
counts for the articles and authors published within the Scopus journal
Publications indexed in the Scopus
citation database are automatically assigned Scopus Author Identifiers.
If your publications are indexed in Scopus you’ll be assigned an
Identifier, which you can use to can create your Citation Overview,
calculate your ‘h-index’ and view other metrics for publications from
1996 onwards. To view author level metrics use the Author Search, and
from the results click on an author’s name. Your Scopus Author ID can
also be linked to your ORCID identifier.
It’s a good idea to check the accuracy of your Scopus Author profile
on a regular basis and ensure that you only have a single Identifier.

Learn more about Scopus Author Identifiers here.

Google Scholar Citations

Google Scholar Citations
profiles assist in providing citation data from a variety of
sources. Google Scholar indexes a broader range of publication types
than the subscription citation databases; for example, it also includes
working papers, government reports, theses, and book chapters. A Google
Scholar Citations profile will help you to keep track of who is citing
your publications, graph citations over time, and calculate different
citation metrics. We recommend that Google Scholar Citations profiles
are made public (the default is private), so that they appear in Google
Scholar results, which makes it easy for others to follow your work. As
with other online identifiers, authors should check their Google Scholar
Citations profile regularly to ensure correct assignment of
For a great example, have a look at the Google Scholar Citations profile of Dr Dominique Hes
from the University’s Faculty of Architecture Building & Planning.
Note the automatic compilation of Dominique’s publication metrics. We
also like Dominque’s use of keywords for her areas of interest, which
really help to increase findability.

Find an Expert (University of Melbourne)

For University of Melbourne staff, the university’s Find an Expert site is
your primary institutional profile, and is a heavily-used resource by
the public, journalists, prospective research collaborators and funders.
It’s therefore worth ensuring that your publication list is up-to-date
and accurate. At the time of writing your public researcher profile is
updated via My Research profile in Themis.

Melbourne Research Window (University of Melbourne)

Melbourne Research Windows
(MRW) is a University-only site for staff. Individual researcher
profiles currently include: publication and citation data, collaboration
networks and funding information. MRW brings together publication
information sourced from the University, Thomson Web of Science, and the Australian Research Council.


  • You need to actively monitor your researcher profiles to keep them
    up-to-date and ensure that all your publications are included. A number
    of the publication lists are generated automatically and we’ve sometimes
    seen incorrect publications assigned to authors, which skews the
    accuracy of automatically generated metrics.
  • Citation counts alone are not an indication of excellent research. They should be used with other qualitative measures.
  • No single tool can provide a
    comprehensive measurement of research publication impact. Tools
    providing citation analysis can only track the journals indexed within
    the individual database. This means that results obtained from the
    different citation tools are not comparable since their coverage varies.
    Similarly, these tools are not comprehensive listings of all global
    research publications: i.e., not all researchers publish in journals
    indexed by Web of Science or Scopus, and not all publications are
    indexed in Google Scholar.

Comparison chart

Researcher ID

Google Scholar Citations

Scopus Author Identifier


Find an Expert

Melbourne Research Windows

Owner Thomson Reuters Google Elsevier Open-source, non-profit University of Melbourne University of Melbourne
Citation counts  Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
h-index Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
User  privacy controls  Yes Yes N/A Yes N/A N/A
Open, public profile  Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Need to know Stand-alone webpage.Public or private.All
publications can be added.Provides citation data for Web of
Science-indexed publications.Can be used in Web of Science. 
Author reports can be downloaded from Web of Science.

Can be linked to ORCID.

Need to ensure no erroneous publications are
assigned automatically.Make your profile public, so that it will appear
in Scholar results when your name is searched.
Scopus automatically generates an Author
Identifier.Only offered to authors with papers published in journals
indexed by Scopus.Cannot attach publications from other
sources.Regularly check that your publications are linked under one
author identifier. If not, request to merge authors.Can be linked to
Being used by publishers, citation databases, funders.Can link to your other identifiers e.g. Scopus, ResearcherID or LinkedIn Uni of Melb staff public profile.Linked to publication collection. Data entry via Themis. Uni of Melb staff internal only profile.

Need help with any of the above?

  • The University Research impact service for staff  can assist with publication citation analysis and journal impact metrics to support grant and promotion applications.

  • The Library’s Research Impact guide provides
    links to tools for measuring and monitoring the impact of research. The
    guide covers citation impact, journal impact, book impact, h-index,
    altmetrics and other impact measurements.

Further Reading

Jonathon O’Donnell, “Allow Me to Introduce Myself.” Research Whisperer, 6 May 2014.

Verena Weigert, “What is ORCID and Why is it Important?”, JISC Blog, 3 October 2013.

Jennifer Warburton, Program Leader: Research Impact &
Training, and Satu Alakangas, Liaison Librarian & Research Support
(Business & Economics).

Thing 07: Researcher identifiers and your publication profile |

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