Wednesday, 16 April 2014

Research Toolkit - Disseminating and Closing Research


Disseminating and Closing Research

Sharing research results is both an obligation and an
opportunity. Since there are many considerations when a study concludes,
we’ve provided several resources to help with the publication process,
ideas for dissemination beyond publishing in a research journal,
guidance for managing study data, and specific steps to facilitate the
formal closure of a study.

Latest Resources

From the Examining Community-Institutional Partnerships for
Prevention Research Group. The curriculum is intended as a tool for use
by community-academic partnerships that are using or planning to use a
Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach to improving
health. It can be used by partnerships that are just forming as well as
existing partnerships. It is intended for use by health professions
faculty and researchers, students and post-doctoral fellows, staff of
community-based organizations, and staff of public health agencies at
all skill levels.

The Examining Community-Institutional Partnerships for Prevention
Research Group. Developing and Sustaining Community-Based Participatory
Research Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum. 2006.

Home of the online Dissemination and Implementation Planning Tool
- a multifunctional and interactive web-based tool developed for use in
cancer communication interventions spanning prevention, early
detection, and treatment.  This site also includes a dissemination and
implementation resource library and a narrative library: freely
accessible online collection of video vignettes for researchers and
practitioners interested in disseminating and implementing
evidence-based practices, programs, and tools.  Website is maintained by
the Institute for Health Research at Kaiser Permanente, with content
produced and funded by NCI-supported Centers of Excellence in Cancer
Communication Research program, formed in 2009.

The Center for the Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in
Health has developed ideas and tools to enhance partnerships, including
an adaptable tool to measure strength and cohesion in a given group. The
Partnership Self-Assessment tool, scoring instructions and a
coordinator's guide are all freely available for download, along with a
published article on the concepts underlying synergy.

From the Center for the Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in
Health, Division of Public Health, New York Academy of Medicine.

Funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research and created
in 2000 to serve as a repository of resources, this website is geared
towards individuals who want to learn about the science and practice of
knowledge translation.  Includes the interactive Knowledge-To-Action
Cycle model with detailed component information, other. ther conceptual
models and theories, and learning resources.

This valuable resource is designed to facilitate dissemination
and use of rural health services research findings. The toolkit is very
straightforward, easy-to-use and practical reference guide and
highlights common methods of packaging and dissemination information
that were identified as important by key target audiences (e.g., policy
makers, national health related organizations). Click here to download.

Rural Health Research Gateway [electronic resource]: Disseminating
Rural Health Research to State and National Audiences: A Communications
Toolkit for Health Researchers / Wendy Opsahl, MA; Amanda Scurry, MS;
Mary Wakefield, PhD, RN, FAAN; Patricia Moulton, PhD; Kristine Sande,
MBA; Naomi Lelm, BA.

Research Toolkit - 5. Disseminating and Closing Research

Sunday, 13 April 2014

Open Science - Why and how should you optimize academic articles for search engines?



April 9, 2014

Why and how should you optimize academic articles for search engines?

As an author of a blog on contemporary scientific publishing, I am
forced to stress frequently two important facts. Firstly, a growing
number of researchers use the internet in their work to search for
literature and to communicate with other researchers, and secondly, the
internet is getting crowded. That is why some people are starting to
consider the ways of making their research more visible on the net. This
is a controversial issue and it can be interpreted as cheating or
unfair competition, but in fact good Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
practices is nothing of the kind. As you will see, academic SEO is just a
set of a few tips that you should consider after finishing work on your
book or paper, and which could help you to get views, downloads and
citations. However, it will only work if the publication itself is good
and interesting enough. Academic SEO does not substitute but supports
the quality of content.

Step 1: Keywords

Keywords are crucial elements for both search engines and recommendation tools like PubChase. Disregarding this fact will limit the chances of gaining an audience on the net.

After finishing work on your book or paper, you should take a moment
to think about choosing keywords. Probably the best way of doing it is
to simply list the words that have been used frequently in the text. You
should ensure that you have not missed any of the crucial terms of your
argument and then check they are relevant to your field. If they are
not, try to replace them with well-defined equivalent terms. Try to
limit the number of keywords to the few most specific to your book or
paper. A good idea is to test them with your favourite academic search
engine (you can find examples here)
to ensure that the search returns works that are relevant to yours.
After you have chosen the right keywords, add some of the most popular
synonyms and abbreviations.

Step 2: Title

Compose from your keywords a short and descriptive title. Use
Einstein’s razor: it should be as simple as possible but not simpler.
Remember that the title is the first thing that a potential reader will
see in search results. It has to contain keywords, and should describe
your research. The title is not the best place to express your artistic
soul. “Therapy X decreased mortality in Y disease in a group of forty
males” is a much better title than “Victory on an invisible enemy:
success in fighting disease Y with therapy X”.

Step 3: Abstract

Write a clear abstract that contains your keywords, and if possible
also some synonyms familiar to non-professionals. It should be simple.
Describe your problem, methods, results and conclusions. Placing
keywords should be easy if you have chosen them correctly.

Step 4: Have a quick look at the body of your work

Ensure that the keywords are present in your article and that they
occur frequently but not so frequently as to annoy the reader. Remember
that you have written this article for a human, not a search engine.
Create a “references” or “bibliography” section and link your
references, if possible with a DOI number, although remember to follow
the editorial requirements of your publisher. You should also make sure
that all graphics, tables and graphs that you have used are vector as
opposed to raster ones (*.bmp, *.png, *.gif, *.tif, *.jpg are examples
of raster objects that are not recommended). Otherwise, search engines
will not be able to read them and the text inside these graphs will not
influence your position in search results.

Step 5: Where to publish?

Publish your work in an Open Access model. Choose a publisher who
uses non restrictive licensing (this will allow your work to be
resubmitted to a larger number of places on the web) and who is indexed
by a big number of academic databases and search services, like
CrossRef, Thomson Reuters’ Web of Science, Directory of Open Access
Journals, etc. If you are about to publish a paper choose a journal with
a name that is relevant to the topic of your research (yes, a journal’s
name is also important for SEO).

Step 6: Pdf composition and website

You should double check that the pdf document of your article
contains all metadata such as title, authors, etc. You should be able to
see all of this information in the “properties” section after right
clicking on the document. The same metadata should also be visible on
the website which is linked to the document (for example on a
publisher’s website or on your private home one).

Step 7: Inform your friends on social media about your recent work,
publish it in your Mendeley library.This is important, but remember that
it is much less important than doing research itself.


Beel, J. Gipp, B. Wilde, E. 2010 Academic Search Engine Optimization
(ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature for Google Scholar & Co.
doi: 10.3138/jsp.41.2.176

Open Science

Saturday, 12 April 2014

Ten things you need to know about ORCID right now | Impactstory blog


Ten things you need to know about ORCID right now

An ORCID identifier for Mike Eisen (or as we know him,

An ORCID identifier for Mike Eisen (aka
Have you ever tried to search for an author, only to
discover that he shares a name with 113 other researchers? Or realized
that Google Scholar stopped tracking citations to your work after you
took your spouse’s surname a few years back?
If so, you’ve probably wished for ORCID.

are permanent identifiers for researchers. Community uptake has
increased tenfold over the past year, and continues to be adopted by new
institutions, funders, and journals on a daily basis. ORCID may prove
to be one of the most important advances in scholarly communication in
the past ten years.

Here are ten things you need to know about ORCID and its importance to you.

1. ORCIDs protects your unique scholarly identity

There are approximately 200,000 people per unique surname in China. That’s a lot of “J Wang”s–more than 1200 in nanoscience alone! Same for lots of other names: we’re just not as uniquely named as we think.

Not a Wang? You’ll probably still need ORCID if you plan to assume
your spouse’s family name, or accidentally omit your middle initial from
the byline when submitting a manuscript.

ORCID solves the author name
problem by giving individuals a unique, 16-digit numeric identification
number that lasts over time.

The numbers are stored in a central
registry, which will power a research infrastructure that ensures that
people find the correct “J Wang” and
get credit for all their publications.

2. Creating an ORCID identifier takes 30 seconds

Setting up an ORCID record is easier than setting up a Facebook account, and literally only takes 30 seconds.

Plus, if you’ve published before, you likely already have a ResearcherID or Scopus Author ID, or you may have publications indexed in CrossRef–which
means that you can easily import information from those systems into
your ORCID record, letting those websites do the grunt work for you.

3. ORCID is getting big fast

Growth in ORCID identifiers, from Oct. 2012-Mar. 2014

Growth in ORCID identifiers, from Oct. 2012-Mar. 2014
Even if you haven’t yet encountered ORCID, you likely will soon. The number of ORCID users grew ten-fold over 2013, and continues to grow daily.
You’ll likely encounter ORCID identifers more and more often on journal
websites and funding applications–a great reason to better understand
ORCID’s purpose and uses.

4. ORCID lasts longer than your email address

Anyone who has ever moved
institutions knows the pain of losing touch with colleagues once access
to your old university email disappears. ORCID eases that pain by
storing your most recent email address.
If you choose to share it, your email address can be shared across
platforms–meaning you spend less time updating your many profiles.

5. ORCID supports 37 types of “works,” from articles to dance performances

Any type of scholarly output you create, ORCID can handle.

Are you a traditional scientists, who writes only papers and the occasional book chapter? ORCID can track ‘em.

Are you instead a cutting-edge computational biologist who releases datasets and figures for your thesis, as they are created? ORCID can track that, too.

Not a scientist at all, but an art professor? You can import your works using ORCID, as well, using ISNI2ORCID… you get the idea.

ORCID will even start importing information about your service to your discipline soon!

6. You control who views your ORCID information

Concerned about the privacy implications of ORCID? You’re in luck–ORCID has granular privacy controls.

When setting up your ORCID record, you can select the default privacy settings for all of your content–Open to everyone, Open to trusted parties (web services that you’ve linked to your ORCID record), or Open only to yourself. Once your profile is populated, you can set custom privacy levels for each item, easy as pie.

7. ORCID is glue for all your research services

You can connect your ORCID account with websites including Web of Science, Figshare, and Impactstory, among many others.

Once they’re connected, you can easily push information
back and forth between services–meaning that a complete ORCID record
will allow you to automatically import the same information to multiple
places, rather than having to enter the same information over and over
again on different websites.
And new services are connecting to ORCID every day, sharing information across an increasing number of platforms–repositories, funding agencies, and more!

8. Journals, funders & institutions are moving to ORCID

Some of the world’s largest publishers, funders, and institutions have adopted ORCID.

Over 1000 journals, including publications by PLOS, Nature, and Elsevier,
are using ORCID as a way to make it easier for authors to manage their
information in manuscript submission systems. ORCID can also collect
your publications from across these varied services, making it possible
to aggregate author-level metrics.

Funding agencies are integrating their systems with ORCID for similar reasons. Funders from the Wellcome Trust to the NIH
now request that grantees use ORCIDs to manage information in their
systems, and many other funding agencies across the world are following
In 2013, universities accounted for the largest percentage of all new ORCID members. ORCID helps institutions track your work, compile information for university-level reporting (i.e., total funding received by its scholars), and more efficiently manage information on faculty profiles.
By eliminating redundancies and automating some reporting functions,
ORCID will be especially helpful in reducing time and monies spent on REF and other assessment activities.

9. When everyone has an ORCID identifier, scholarship gets better

How many hours have you wasted by filling in your address,
employment history, collaborator names and affiliations, etc when
applying for grants or submitting manuscripts? For many publishers and
funders, you can now simply supply your ORCID identifier, saving you
precious time to do research.

10. ORCID is open source, open data, and community-driven

It’s also Open by design. ORCID is an open source web-app that allows other web-apps to use its open API and mine its open data. (We actually use ORCID’s open API to easily import information into your Impactstory profile.) Openness like ORCID’s supports innovation and transparency, and can keep us from focusing myopically on limited publication types or single indicators of impact.
And there we have it–ten things you now know about ORCID.
Reference them and you’ll sound like an expert at your next department
meeting (to which you should of course bring your custom ORCID mug). :)
Do you use ORCID? Leave your ORCID identifier in the comments, along with your thoughts about the system.
Thanks to ORCID’s Rebecca Bryant for feedback on this post.

Ten things you need to know about ORCID right now | Impactstory blog

Thursday, 3 April 2014

Visibility and Citation Impact by Nader Ale Ebrahim

Visibility and Citation Impact

Nader Ale Ebrahim

of Malaya (UM) - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture,
Faculty of Engineering; University of Malaya (UM) - Research Support
Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research Management and
Monitoring (IPPP)

Hadi Salehi

Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch

Mohamed Amin Embi

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Faculty of Education

Farid Habibi

University of Economic Sciences

Hossein Gholizadeh

University of Malaya (UM) - Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering

Seyed Mohammad Motahar

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia - Faculty of Information Science and Technology

March 30, 2014

International Education Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 120-125, 2014


The number of publications is the first criteria for
assessing a researcher output. However, the main measurement for author
productivity is the number of citations, and citations are typically
related to the paper's visibility. In this paper, the relationship
between article visibility and the number of citations is investigated. A
case study of two researchers who are using publication marketing tools
confirmed that the article visibility will greatly improve the citation
impact. Some strategies to make the publications available to a larger
audience have been presented at the end of this paper.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 6

H-index, research tools, increase citations, publication marketing,
bibliometrics, improve citations, maximized research visibility,
increase research impact

JEL Classification: L11, L1, L2, M11, M12, M1, M54, Q1, O1, O3, P42, P24, P29, Q31, Q32, L17

Accepted Paper Series

Download This Paper

Date posted: April 3, 2014

Suggested Citation

Ebrahim, Nader and Salehi, Hadi and Embi, Mohamed Amin and Habibi,
Farid and Gholizadeh, Hossein and Motahar, Seyed Mohammad, Visibility
and Citation Impact (March 30, 2014). International Education Studies,
Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 120-125, 2014. Available at SSRN:

Visibility and Citation Impact by Nader Ale Ebrahim, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Farid Habibi, Hossein Gholizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Motahar :: SSRN

The Academic Benefits of Twitter


The Academic Benefits of Twitter

Why Twitter? What value does Twitter offer to an academic? And, are you missing out if you are not on Twitter?
Yesterday someone I follow (@bacigalupe) posted a link to a Digital Sociology post titled “Can academics manage without Twitter?” My answer was: of course they can. Academics do not need to be on Twitter, and yet there are some very real benefits to Twitter. What are they, you ask? In the order I posted them (and with the original 140 character limitations of syntax preserved), here are five academic benefits I’ve experienced through using Twitter:
#1: learning about new research, publications, conferences, conversations
#2: community-building, following/connecting with colleagues around the world in your own + cognate fields
#3: the drop-in or hang-out-all-day options; you can tweet & read as you like, greatly enabled by list feature
#4: I think of my Twitter feed as personally-curated updates of news, info, stories on topics I care about
#5: knowing things well before they hit email or FB (aka W Benjamin’s value of info is in the current moment)
Now, some extended thoughts on these benefits: Twitter is initially an empty space each user individually transforms into a public, dynamic space. You follow other users without obligation or permission based on your interests. Posts (“tweets”) from users you follow then comprise your Twitter feed and are constantly updated as users put up new posts. You can check in several times a day, once a day, once a week or month or even more sporadically—whatever suits your needs. In addition to following users, you may also search via topic (e.g., #ethnography), subscribe to lists (e.g., @kerim’s list of 350 anthropologists on Twitter), or follow tweets from a conference (e.g., #aaa2012). There is no right or wrong way to use Twitter.
Who will you connect with? Whose posts will you read? These depend on your passions and concerns. My feed is heavy with posts about anthropology, academia, publishing, Tibet, Nepal, India, China, and issues of social justice. I’ve connected with other scholars, writers, and activists around the world; linked up with others for conference panels; discovered articles, research, pedagogies, and funding possibilities I might not have otherwise learned about; connected with prospective graduate students; joined with others to form the Open Anthropology Cooperative; discovered some great new music; and in general, have shared and learned in ways that feel productive, valuable, and communal in the best sense of the word.
Twitter moves fast and covers wide ground which suits my multitasking mind. I am often writing on two different topics, reading about a third for a class I am teaching, and thinking about still more on any given day: this is the life of an academic. Twitter collates and curates my worlds in a stress-free way, providing a platform for learning, engaging, and connecting which rests simply on one’s own interests and availability but—to me at least—never feels like a burden. It is instead a resource and a community that I most frequently draw on when I am immersed in the solitary activity of writing. Sometimes I need quiet spaces in which to think, and sometimes I find crowded, noisy spaces useful. Twitter is the latter.
In the end, the value of Twitter for academics is what you make of it. So, can academics manage without Twitter? Of course they can. But the better question might be “What can academics manage with Twitter?” I find thinking about that question to be much more exciting.
[For those readers interested in checking Twitter out for the first time, there are numerous online guides such as LSE's Twitter guide for academics. A simple web search for “twitter for academics” turns up all sorts of pages ranging from the Chronicle of Higher Education's "10 Commandments of Twitter for Academics" on through to individual bloggers' posts such as "A Gentle Introduction to Twitter for the Apprehensive Academic." If you do join Twitter, you can find me at @cmcgranahan and this blog at @savageminds]

Share your presentations


Share your presentations!

There are several places to share your presentation slides. Popular sites include Slideshare, Authorstream, Slideshow, Scribd, and many more (see: Mashable and Hellobloggerz for more complete listings).  But why should academics share these? One reason is that much time is spent preparing slides for conference presentations, research talks, and classes, and they tend to digest a lot of in-depth information and analysis that are products of current research efforts.  Many times these presentations summarize research papers and reports which are ultimately published in both digital and hard-copy formats. Presentations are also a form of scholarly communications, which like other products, should be shared.
Sharing presentations is yet another way you can make your work visible online.  Just as academics and research professionals search for scholarship in the form of books, chapters, articles, and white papers, they are also looking for presentation materials to reference and adapt.  Obviously citation practices for presentation slides are different from those of traditional scholarship, but hopefully yours will be duly cited by those who come across yours.
A very good example is Laura Czernoewicz's presentation on Slideshare.  She provides some excellent information about online visibility in slide form.  These types of presentations can also be more condensed and helpful than having this same information in article form.  Good presentations are hard to create, but done well, can be a good way to promote your interests and research in an accessible and interesting way.  In her case, some of the infographics are intriguing and provide good summary statistics and sources for data.
Other nice examples are John Tennant's presentations on "Social media for academics" and "Blogging for academics" using Prezi.  Posting these online also allow easy sharing through social media channels like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and email.  Most sites provide the ability to leave comments, likes, and favorites - which are good metrics to keep track of along with the number of views and downloads.
University libraries are great resources, such as the open.michigan site at the University of Michigan.  As they say, "Share with the World".  They link to Slideshare and Scribd on their site as recommended places to post presentations.  University libraries are experts about how (and where) to share scholarship like many already do around open access portals/publishing and scholarly repositories.  Posting your presentations makes you and your work more visible online and helps to increase your scholarly impact.

Tuesday, 1 April 2014

Visibility and Citation Impact

Visibility and Citation Impact

Nader Ale Ebrahim, Hadi Salehi, Mohamed Amin Embi, Farid Habibi Tanha, Hossein Gholizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Motahar


The number of publications is the first criteria for assessing
a researcher output. However, the main measurement for author
productivity is the number of citations, and citations are typically
related to the paper's visibility. In this paper, the relationship
between article visibility and the number of citations is investigated. A
case study of two researchers who are using publication marketing tools
confirmed that the article visibility will greatly improve the citation
impact. Some strategies to make the publications available to a larger
audience have been presented at the end of this paper.

Full Text:
DOI: 10.5539/ies.v7n4p120

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Education Studies ISSN 1913-9020 (Print), ISSN 1913-9039 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the
'' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive
e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Visibility and Citation Impact | Ebrahim | International Education Studies