Sunday, 30 November 2014

Scientific Writing Workshop

Scientific Writing Workshop

Dear CEBAR PIs and students,The
Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture (CEBAR) invites
you to attend a workshop jointly organised by CEBAR and the University
of Malaya Research Support Unit

Speaker: Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
Introduction to the “Research Tool” (Tools for supporting research and publication)
Anggerik Meeting Room, Level 3, IPS, UM
9.00am, 5th December 2014 (Friday)


“Research Tools” can be defined as vehicles that broadly facilitate
research and related activities. Scientific tools enable researchers to
collect, organize, analyze, visualize and publicized research outputs.
Dr. Nader has collected over 700 tools that enable students to follow
the correct path in research and to ultimately produce high-quality
research outputs with more accuracy and efficiency. It is assembled as
an interactive Web-based mind map, titled “Research Tools”, which is
updated periodically.
“Research Tools” consists of a hierarchical set
of nodes. It has four main nodes: (1) Searching the literature, (2)
Writing a paper, (3)Targeting suitable journals, and (4) Enhancing
visibility and impact of the research, and six auxiliary nodes. Several
free tools can be found in the child nodes. Some paid tools are also
included. In this workshop some tools as examples from the four main
nodes will be described. The e-skills learned from the workshop are
useful across various research disciplines and research institutions.

Dr. Nader Ale Ebrahim
Research Support Unit,
University of Malaya
Ale Ebrahim is currently working as a research fellow with the Research
Support Unit, Centre of Research Services, Institute of Research
Management and Monitoring (IPPP), University of Malaya. Nader holds a
PhD degree in Technology Management from Faculty of Engineering,
University of Malaya. He has over 19 years of experience in the field of
technology management and new product development in different
companies. His current research interest focuses on E-skills, Research
Tools, Bibliometrics and managing virtual NPD teams in SMEs’ R&D
Nader developed a new method using the “Research Tools”
which help students who seek to reduce the search time by expanding the
knowledge of researchers to effectively use the "tools" that are
available on the Internet. Research Tools consist of a hierarchical set
of nodes. It has four main nodes: (1) Searching the literature, (2)
Writing a paper, (3) Targeting suitable journals, and (4) Enhancing
visibility and impact.
He was the winner of Refer-a-Colleague
Competition and has received prizes from renowned establishments such as
Thomson Reuters. Nader is well-known as the founder of “Research Tools”
Box and the developer of “Publication Marketing Tools”. He conducted
over 100 workshops within and outside of university of Malaya.

Kindly RSVP by 26th November 2014 (Wednesday) and bring along your laptop during the workshop.

Thank you.

Best Regards,
Lau Su Ee
Research Officer
Centre for Research in Biotechnology for Agriculture (CEBAR)
Fri Dec 5, 2014 9am – 1:30pm Kuala Lumpur
Anggerik Meeting Room, Level 3, IPS, UM (map)
Video call

Inrtoduction to Research Tools - CEBAR 5-12-2014.docx

Scientific Writing Workshop

Saturday, 29 November 2014

Improve My Results: What can I do to increase the performance of my publications?


Improve my Performance

What can I do to increase the performance of my publications?

Kudos provides tools to help you increase usage of and citations to
your research publications. Once you’ve claimed your publications on the
Kudos website, complete the following three steps to help maximize the
visibility of your work:

Step 1: Explain your publications

Adding a short title to your publications will help
make them easier to find and can help increase citations. Make the title
specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to a broad range of
readers. Studies show that the construction of an article title has a significant impact on how frequently the paper is cited [1]. Studies also show articles with short titles can be more highly cited [2].

Adding a simple, non-technical explanation (lay summary)
of your publication will make it easier to find, and more accessible to
a broader audience. Adding an explanation of what is most unique and/or
timely about your work (impact statement), and the difference it might make, will also help increase readership.

Kudos will deposit this additional information about your article with a range of discovery services, all linking back to your publication, to ensure it is even easier to find, read and cite.

Useful resources to help you write lay summaries and impact statements:

Step 2: Enrich your publications

Link your publications to related resources such as images, videos,
blogs, data sets etc. These additional resources also help give readers a
broader view of your work and can help increase citations.

Studies that made data available in a public repository received 9% more citations than similar studies for which the data was not made available. Publicly available data was significantly (p=0.006) associated with a 69% increase in citations, independently of journal impact factor, date of publication, and author country of origin using linear regression [3].
Evidence also exists from individual publishers that linking videos to articles can increase downloads.

Step 3: Share your publications

Sharing your publications by email and social media can significantly
increase usage and citations. For example, one study showed that highly tweeted articles are 11 times more likely to be highly cited than less tweeted articles [4].

Significant evidence also exists that promoting individual articles
generally positively impacts on publication performance. One study
showed that the difference in citation count for promoted articles versus non- promoted articles can still be observed for more than 3 years post publication [5].

Why should I do this, my publisher already markets my publications?

With over 1 million research articles published every year, it’s
getting more difficult to get important publications the attention they

Kudos helps authors explain, add links to and share their work in a way that helps bring it to the attention of your peers, the media, and broader audiences
both within and beyond your specialist community. This supplements the
work that publishers already do, but they are often dealing with many
hundreds or thousands of publications. As the author, you have the network and knowledge to make a dramatic difference to the reach and usage of your work – now Kudos gives you the tools to help with this.

This will become increasingly important as authors are increasingly
assessed based on the usage of and citations to individual publications
(articles, book chapters etc.) as opposed to more general measures of
performance such as journal impact factors.

Where’s the evidence that Kudos will make a difference?

As earlier outlined, there is a wide range of evidence available that
suggests the tools provided by Kudos can directly increase publication
usage and citations. In a pilot version of Kudos during 2013, researchers
using the Kudos sharing tools saw an average increase in downloads of
their publications of 19% compared to a control group

Other studies have shown that using social networks to share
information about publications, and linking videos and data to articles
can help increase citations, as does having a short title.

Kudos will be tracking the effectiveness of all the tools we offer throughout 2014
and will provide ongoing information to registered users on their
overall effectiveness. In this way we aim to work with our users to help
focus their time on those activities within Kudos that have most impact
on increasing publication usage and citations.


[1] The impact of article titles on citation hits: an analysis of general and specialist medical journals JRSM Short Reports. Thomas S Jacques, Neil J Sebire (2010), doi: 10.1258/shorts.2009.100020

[2] Articles with short titles describing the results are cited more
Carlos Eduardo Paiva,I,,II João Paulo da Silveira Nogueira Lima,I
and Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro PaivaII Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2012 May; 67(5): 509– 513, doi: 10.6061/clinics/2012(05)17

[3] Sharing Detailed Research Data Is Associated with Increased
Citation Rate. Heather A. Piwowar, Roger S. Day, Douglas B. Fridsma
(2007). PLoS ONE. Published: March 21, 2007. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000308; Data reuse and the open data citation advantage. Heather Piwowar, Todd J Vision (2013).

[4] Can Tweets Predict Citations? Metrics of Social Impact Based on
Twitter and Correlation with Traditional Metrics of Scientific Impact,
Gunther Eysenbach. Journal of Medical Internet Research. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2012

[5] Importance of the lay press in the transmission of medical
knowledge to the scientific community, Phillips, D.P., Kanter, E.J.,
Bednarczyk, B., and Tastad, P.T. 1991. New England Journal of Medicine, 325: 1180–1183. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199110173251620

Improve My Results

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

How to write a systematic literature review - TCFEX


How to write a systematic literature review

In literature review process, you, as a researcher, simply search
the already printed articles; you want to know what is going on in your
field of study and raise your awareness. Then you either come up with
new interpretations; combines new and old discoveries to form you own
literature review; or track a particular process in the literature.
Okay, first let’s start by some standard definitions:

What is (traditional) literature review?

In traditional literature review methods, the researcher simply reads the article which he thinks is relevant to his study and then writes a summary.
Then he/she goes to next article and writes its summary too. This is
the traditional method of carrying out a literature review which is time
consuming and, let’s be honest, out of date.

What is systematic literature review?

Here is one definition: ‘Systematic
review is a review of a clearly formulated question that uses
systematic methods to identify, select and critically appraise relevant
researches, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are
included in the review
.’ [1] In a systematic review the researcher identifies and defines the things very well; appraises and interprets everything
he/she finds in the research resources; finds the relation of each
article with each research question; forms a chain along the field
he/she is interested in. In short, systematic review is well planned and follows pre-specified criteria. It uses clear protocols to find, evaluate and synthesize the results of relevant research.

A systematic review must have: 

  1. Specific inclusion/ exclusion criteria:
    it means you should set criteria based on which you can include or
    exclude articles you will encounter during your writing process. There
    may be hundreds of paper in your field of interest and for instance 60
    years’ pile of body of knowledge. You cannot possibly cover every single
    article in your field.
  2. Explicit search strategy:
    what are you going to search for? How are you going to select your
    articles? First, you have to search based on your keywords so that you
    would find only relevant articles, this way you will narrow down your
    search scope. Second, you should decide on a time-span, you cannot
    simply go through all the studies and articles. By choosing an explicit
    search strategy you will search systematically! (here you can find the tools which help you in finding suitable keywords, you can also take a look at this article)
  3. Systematic coding and analysis of included studies: now you want to select a number of articles which are not only relevant to your topic and keywords, but also have internal relevance,
    what it means is that the papers you select should also be internally
    related to each other. You can achieve this by using citation tracking
    tools which we have introduced here.
    This way you can create a link between your findings and create a chain
    which can help you in finding certain shifts or processes in the

Okay, now here are the steps to follow when conducting a literature review:

Step 1: Formulating questions for review

The problems to be addressed should be specified in the form of
clear, unambiguous and structured questions before beginning the review.
A clear, specific and answerable question is essential to a successful review.

Step 2: Identifying relevant work

We actually talked about this step above, in “Systematic coding and
analysis of included studies”. You should act based on your criteria too
and record your reasons for inclusion and exclusion of certain
articles. You should use citation tracking tools to find articles which
are internally linked to each other. This way your job will become much
easier. Here is a video which can help you in this regard.

Step 3: Assessing the quality of studies (critical appraisal)

We must know how to appraise the resources we obtain. There are many
factors to consider such as author, publication time, publisher, journal
and content. You can begin by assessing the scientific level of the
author and check his H-index or number of citations he has receive. You
can look up the journal which has published that article and check its
impact factor to find out its rating by Thompson & Reuters. There is
also the matter of content analysis which you should do yourself. Here
are some factors which help you do the content analysis and assess the
quality of a certain paper:

  • Appropriateness of study design to the research objective
  • Risk of bias
  • Statistical issues
  • Quality of reporting
  • Generalize ability
  • You can watch this video on article assessment
  • You can find a “Critical Appraisal Work Sheets” here which will help you in doing quality assessment.
Step 4: Collecting the data

So now you have selected a number of papers based on your criteria
and assessment results. This means that you will not be wasting your
time by reading irrelevant articles. So, the next thing you should do is
to read your selected articles and write a report for each one. You
should write at least 150 words that capture the heart and soul of each
article. You can again save research time by reading the “results and discussion” section and “conclusion” section of each paper.

Step 5: Synthesizing and analyzing

When selecting articles and while writing, try to group the
literature according to common themes. You do not want to just report
the findings or list references. You are doing this to find trends,
shifts, gaps, or conflicting results. Decide on a sequence; go from
general to specific or most important to less important findings; find
relationships and connect findings; summarize major contributions of the
literature; evaluate the findings; adopt critical thinking. Your review
should be a whole; it must enjoy coherency and logical sequence.

Finally some tips to remember when conducting a systematic literature review:

  1. Do not start without a plan
  2. Do not read everything you find – evaluate first.
  3. Read and write – at least 150 words for each article
  4. Be critical and analytical – do not accept everything at first
  5. Literature review is not a descriptive list of the information gathered
  6. Literature review is not a summary of one piece of literature after another
  7. Manage your references – use Zooter, EndNote, Vistorio, Mendeley, etc.


In writing this review resources form the websites of University of Edinburgh, RMIT University and University of Nottingham were used.

How to write a systematic literature review - TCFEX

Monday, 24 November 2014

BibMe, a free automatic citation creator tool - TCFEX


BibMe, a free automatic citation creator tool

One major problem all researchers face when doing a research
project is managing their resources, including books, articles, and
reports. Several software packages have been developed to address this
problem. Systematic reference management is an integral part of any
research and all researchers should choose a reference management tool
for their needs. One good thing about using these tools is that once a
citation or reference has been recorded, it can be used time and time
again for generating bibliographies such as lists of references in
scholarly theses, books, articles, and essays. Another advantage is that
they are usually integrated with word processors, such as Microsoft
Word so that a reference list in the appropriate format is produced
automatically as an article is being written.

Most reference management tools are similar to libraries or databases
which hold the information regarding the bibliographies and details of
published articles in different journals and then use these information
for generating citations and references. There are many tools for this
purpose and most of them share a lot of similarities. In this article BibMe is introduced for your reference management needs.

BibMe is a one-stop source for all kinds of
bibliography needs. It is a free automatic citation creator that
supports MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian formatting. BibMe
leverages external databases to quickly fill citation information for
you. It will then format the citation information and compile a
bibliography according to the guidelines of the selected style manual.

Moreover, you can enter your citation information manually. You will
also have a citation guide that provides you the style manuals’
guidelines for citing references. What is more is that  if you do not
remember all the information for the source you have just cited, BibMe allows you to search from a database of millions of entries to find your source and auto-fill-in the information.

Watch this video for examples

TCFEX’s Research Department

Link to website:

BibMe, a free automatic citation creator tool - TCFEX

Qiqqa: Free reference manager and research manager - TCFEX


Qiqqa: Free reference manager and research manager

If you have conducted a research in the past you know that it
means endless PDF files, notes and webpages. Although these digital
documents are easier to work with, after some time their sheer number
can be really confusing and organizing them may turn into a real
challenge. But research management software such as Qiqqa
assists you in managing your documents and notes effectively, and
visualizing your ideas and work. These tools help you find what you are
looking for easily and what is more is that they can help you establish a
link between all these different files and notes.

In this article we are going to introduce Qiqqa, a
freeware and freemium research management tool which allows researchers
to work with numerous PDF files. Of course there are other similar tools
developed for this purpose, one such tool being Mendeley, and we will
introduce it in future articles.

Qiqqa is a free award winning research management
software that makes it possible to organize numerous papers, see
information about papers, manage documents and references, read, review,
annotate and highlight PDF files with a powerful built-in PDF reader. Qiqqa also integrates to Microsoft Word to make the process of citing and creating bibliographies much easier.

Some of its features include:

  • Seeing information about papers, and connections between concepts
  • reference and document management and  Importing PDFs into separate libraries
  • Automatic OCR and tag extraction
  • Exploring an entire library of papers via authors, papers, tags, and themes
  • Top-notch built-in PDF reader with annotating, highlighting, automated jump links
  • Creating printable summaries of notes, mindmaps of your thoughts, and directly cite your references within Microsoft Word
  • Optionally syncing to the private cloud with unlimited storage
  • Sharing library documents, metadata, and notes in private with selected people

Watch this video for examples

Link to website:

Qiqqa: Free reference manager and research manager - TCFEX

Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Researcher profiles - Research Impact & Visibility - LibGuides at Utrecht University


Why should I care about my online presence?

  • To make your research and teaching activities known
  • To increase the chance of publications getting cited
  • To correct attribution, names and affiliations
  • To make sure that a much as possible is counted in research assessments
  • To increase the chance of new contacts for research cooperation
  • To increase the chance of funding
  • To serve society better

Researcher profile sites & services compared

There are various types of sites and services that are important in fostering your visibility:

  • Author disambiguation services: ORCID and ResearcherID
    (and also DAI/NARCIS, VIAF and ISNI that are managed by libraries and
    registration agencies and require no user action from academics)
  • Personal sites and social media: Facebook, LinkedIn, own website, blog
  • Researcher Communities: Academia / ResearchGate
  • Reference managrment tools with social functions: Mendeley
  • Search engines with author profiles: Google Scholar, Scopus
  • University author profile pages: UU pages

Mendeley Google Scholar ORCID Researcher ID ScopusID Research Gate Academia edu* UU pages
publications list y y y y y y y y
publications linked y y y y y (poss.) (poss.)  (poss.)
publications metrics y y n y y y y n
soc. media links n n n n n y y n
bio, interests, affil y y y y n y y y
user accounts 201310 2.5 million ? >250K ? na ~3 million 4.9 milllion all UU
user accounts 201410 > 3 million ? >950K ? na ~5 million >14.6 million all UU
Utrecht users 201210 229 437 ? 273 na >1000 986 all
Utrecht users 201303 ? 585 ? 276 na 2304 1295 all
Utrecht users 201310 (incl. UMCU) ~1500? (Jan 2014) 678 ~80 376 na 3036 1401 all

Utrecht  users 201410 (incl. UMCU)

? 968 476 (UU only) 478 na 3648 3013 all
uploading papers y n n n n y y y
adding publication data manually y y y n n y y n
adding publications (semi)automatically many search engines + import RIS or BibTeX Google Scholar
Crossref + Scopus + RsearcherID + DataCite + PubMedCentral Europe

WoS + ORCID Scopus PubMed + IEEE + CiteSeer + RepEc + BMC Crossref + Microsoft AS+ PubMed + ArXiv Metis / Pure
* Academia figures include students and alumni

There is also a training available to learn more about researcher profiles


More visible with Google Scholar Citations in three steps

you like it or not, Google Scholar is by far the most widely used
bibliographical tool for scholarly publications. It has a problem
however, and that is metadata control. You can enhance your findability
by creating an account and telling Google which publications in their
database are yours. After taking these steps searches on your name will
show your profile on top of the results. The profile itself shows your
list of publications in Google Scholar with basic metrics. Besides
journal papers, it may also include books and reports.

  1. If you do not yet have a Google account, go to Google and create it.
  2. Go to Google Scholar, make sure you are logged in and click "My Citations"
  3. Follow instructions to create your profile and add or remove publications that are yours or not yours
NB Because new articles are automatically added to authors' profiles
it is wise to check regularly, because in rare cases articles may be
wrongly attributed to you.


More visible with ORCID in three steps

ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is
a non-proprietary, international ID that provides you with a persistent
digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher.
It is strategically important because it enables all databases to
automatically link publications to you by your ORCID. At ORCID you can
create a profile, link it to your Scopus ID, ResearchID and/or import
publications from a so-called crossref search. Further functionality is
being developed.

  1. Go to ORCID, register for an ORCID ID (under "for researchers") and complete your profile
  2. Click "import research activities" and follow instructions to import publication details from e.g. Scopus
  3. Click "view public ORCID record" to check whether it does not show anything you do not like to be publicly visible

More visible with a ResearcherID in three steps

is the profile tool from Thomson Reuters, the owners of Web of Science
and the Journal Citation Reports. Researcher ID offers a public profile.
You can choose what to show publicly. Researcher ID is also important
as a basis to provide feedback to Web of Science for grouping author
name variants or corrections to affiliations.

  1. Go to Researcher ID, sign up and complete your profile.
  2. Add some publications if you have a few listed in Web of Science and preview the public version of your profile.
  3. If you already have made an ORCID ID you can link Researcher ID to
    that. It is best to do that in a place where you have access to Web of

More visible by checking your Scopus Author ID in three steps

Scopus Author ID is not a researcher profile site, but helps author
recognition and disambiguation when searching publications. Many
researchers already have a Scopus ID without realising it. By checking
the correctness of publications assigned to your Scopus Author ID, you
will certainly help others finding your stuff. It will also improve
completeness and correctness of citation analyses. And it also improves
feeds of your publications list to be shown on other sites.

  1. Go to Scopus and use the author search tab to search for your own name
  2. Check if all publications assigned to you are correct and if there
    are no variants of your name that are not yet grouped to your main
  3. If there are ungrouped name variants with your publications send
    Scopus feedback by checking name variants and clicking "request to merge
    authors" on top of the results list. (For that it may be required to
    create a personal account within the institutional license).

More visible with Researchgate in three steps

is a very large (originally German) researcher community linking
researchers around topics. It is frequently used to ask questions to
collegues all over the world that have the same set of interests and
specialisations. You can choose which topics or researchers to follow.
You can automatically populate your publications list or add items from
reference management tools or add manually. You can even upload and
share full text publications (e.g. last author versions that many
publishers allow you to share).

  1. Go to Researchgate, sign up and complete your profile with whatever you think relevant.
  2. Add your publications by clicking add publications" and choosing "author match".
  3. Select one or two topics to follow if you want

More visible with in three steps
is a large researcher community. Just as ResearchGate it connects
scholars around topics. You can add papers through a built in search
using Microsoft Academic, PubMed and ArXiv. You can also add ful text.
The process is easy, but the coverage not as comprehensive as Google

  1. Go to and sign up.
  2. Add publications/papers by clicking your name top right, then "add papers"and "import"
  3. Find a few people in your field to follow

More visible with Mendeley in three steps

of the steps towards visibility and efficient reference management is a
Mendeley account. Mendeley is an Elsevier-owned reference management
tool that is used by millions of researchers, offers immediate
readership statistics and has strong social functions. Probably many of
your publications are already present in the Mendeley database, but with
your own account you can make sure that all of them are. And you can do
much, much more.

  1. Mendeley, make an account.
  2. Complete your profile
  3. Add publications:
    1. (PDF-)files of (your) papers on your hard drive (in one go)
    2. references from a search in Google Scholar or another bibliographic database
  4. Start building a network of colleagues or (open or closed) groups
Of course, for the reference management function of Mendeley there
are many alternatives, such as Zotero, Endnote, RefWorks and more. See
the seperate guide on reference management.


More visible with the Utrecht University profile pages in three steps

UU profile pagesThe Utrecht Unviversity staff profile pages are
available since Spring 2013. You can add your CV, profile and list
additional functions (free text). It also lists your publications as
entered in the University Research Information System Metis. Often this
is done for you by the faculty or department administration once every
3, 6 or 12 months. However, one thing you can do yourself is upload the
full text of publications to make these more visible.

1) Go to your UU profile page
and start editing by logging in top right. Add some text on tthe CV
tab. Even just listing one or two current research projects, areas of
expertise or subject keywords will help foster your visibility

2) Have a look at your contact information tab. Add links to your
other profiles (Linked-In, Google Scholar, ORCID, Academia and others
you may have). You can also choose to adds these links to the profile

3) Have a look at your publication list. Are there titles of which
you have the full text available to upload? It does help to do this.
Your publications will become available in the university repository
Igitur and by that will become easily findable with free full text in
Google Scholar. That means they are available to scholars, professionals
and lay people, even if they do not have access to the expensive
journal plaforms. Yes, there are sometime copyright issues, but the
upload function has information on that. And the good thing is: the
library always does a final copyright check. In some cases you are not
allowed to upload the publisher version of papers, but are allowed to
upload your last author version (after peer review but without the
publisher's typesetting etc.)

Researcher profiles - Research Impact & Visibility - LibGuides at Utrecht University

Traditional and altmetrics - Research Impact


Traditional and alternative metrics sites compared

traditional citation counts, there are many ways of tracking research
impacts. They try to capture the presence in new scholarly venues,
presence and impact in social media and other forms of online
engagement, such as views, downloads, bookmarks etc. Collectively, we
refer to these as altmetrics, as opposed to traditional citation
measurement using Web of Science, Scopus and other citation enhanced

Journal Citation Reports Scopus Web of Science Google Scholar Google Scholar Citations Microsoft Academic Search Mendeley ImpactStory PLoS Altmetric Plum Analytics
metrics for:











traditional metrics:






news media






multidisciplinary c

free access

d d
registration necessary

paid service

advanced options:

data download/management c c c
c b b
data standardization/cleaning



c c

API possibilities c c c

aOnly items/persons/users included in the system (depends on data collected/uploaded by the users)
bPaid services: Mendeley Institutional Edition / Altmetric Institutional Edition / Altmetric Explorer
cWith restrictions/limitations
dArticle level metrics (Mendeley, Altmetric) and author profiles (Impact Story) free to view

based on: Users, narcissism and control: tracking the impact of scholarly publications in the 21st century (SURFfoundation, 2012); last adapted Oct 2014.


Metrics in Scopus

Author metrics

Open Scopus and search your name using the 'Search author'-tab. Select your name from the results list and scroll down to 'Research' to see various metrics like citations and h-index. You can click on 'View Author Evaluator' or 'View h-graph' to see a visual representation of author metrics.

Tip: In calculating metrics, Scopus only uses data going back to 1995.

Tip: Are there errors in your Scopus listing, e.g. missing
documents or multiple author listings (b/c of spelling variants)? You
can request changes to be made by clicking 'Request author detail corrections' at the top of the page with author information.

Article metrics

Open Scopus and search an article or a subject using the 'Document search'-tab. In the results list, the number of citations the article has received is visible in the last column ('Cited by'). Click on this number to see a list of citations; on this page, there is also the option to click 'Analyze results' (top of page) to see a visual representation of article metrics.

Tip: In calculating metrics, Scopus only uses data going back to 1995.

Institutional metrics

Open Scopus and search your affiliation using the 'Affiliation search'-tab.
In the results list, click on your organization to get an overview of
collaborating institutions, subject areas and journal in which your
organization has published. To view citation information on all papers
from your affiliation, click on the number of documents from your
affiliation. In the following screen you can limit these to specific
years. At the top of the results lists, tick the checkbox to select all
documents (use the dropdown menu to select all documents instead of the
current page) and then press 'View citation overview' to view citation information on these documents.
NB. Comprehensive institutional metrics are available from Elsevier's separate product SciVal.

If the number of documents is too large to show the citation
information on screen, you can download the citation information as a
.csv file. The maximum number of documents citation information is
available on (as .csv-file) is 20.000.

Tip: Scopus might have separate affiliations listed for e.g.
research institutes or research schools within a university. You will
see these listed in the Affiliation search results. To include papers
from these separate affiliations, tick the checkboxes of all relevant
affiliations and choose 'Show documents' at the top of the results list.


Metrics in Web of Science

Author metrics Web of Science

Open Web of Science and search your name using the 'Author search'-option.
Enter your author name, and optionally proceed to select your research
domain(s) and organization(s). In the results list, you can opt to view
all results, or look at the tab 'Record sets' to
distinguish between different authors with the same name and/or multiple
entries for your own name (tick the boxes of the appropiate record sets
and select 'View records').

You will now see a list with all your publications listed in Web of Science. Click 'Create citation report' (top right) to view author metrics (citations and h-index).

Tip: Web of Science uses ResearcherID to manage author
names/citations. If you have a ResearcherID, you can manually add papers
authored by you and correct any mistakes. More information on creating
ResearcherID is available in workshop 1: Researcher profiles.

Article metrics

Open Web of Science and search an article or a subject using the 'Search' or 'Cited reference search'-options. In the results list, the number of citations the article has received is visible underneath each article ('Times cited'). Click on this number to see a list of citations; on this page, there is also the option to click 'Create citation report' (top right) to see more detailed article metrics.

Tip: To view a visual representation of backwards and
forwards referencing of a given article ('cited in/cited by'), click on
the title of the article in the results list and choose 'Citation map' in the 'Cited References' box in the right sidebar.

Institutional metrics

Extensive institutional metrics are available through Thomson Reuters separate product InCites, but some instutional metrics can be derived directly from Web of Science. Search the institution's name in Web of Science 'Basic search' funtion, choosing 'Organization - enhanced' from the drop-down menu on the right. Alternatively, use the 'Select from index' option underneath the drop-down menu to search for the organization's name as used in Web of Science.

Searching for the organization results in a list of papers that have
the organization listed as affiliation in Web of Science. You can limit
the results to e.g. specific years using the options on the left
sidebar. Then click 'Create citation report' to see aggregated and detailed article metrics for these papers.

Tip: The Citation Report feature is not available from a
search containing more than 10,000 records. You can limit the number of
results by restricting results to specific years of publication or other


Metrics in Google Scholar /Google Scholar Citations

Author metrics Google Scholar

Open Google Scholar
and search your name or that of a colleague. If a (public) Google
Citations profile exists, it will show up at the top of the results
list. Click on the profile to see various metrics like citations,
h-index and i10-index (the number of publications with at least 10

Tip: More information on creating a Google (Scholar) account and activating Google Scholar Citations is available in workshop 1: Researcher profiles.

Article metrics

Open Google Scholar and
search an article or subject. In the results list, the number of
citations the article has received is visible underneath each article ('Cited by'). Click on this number to see a list of all citations.

Tip: When you access Google Scholar through the website of Utrecht University Library,
you will have full-text access to all articles from journals Utrecht
University subscribes to (recognizable by 'Fulltext@UBULink')


Metrics in Microsoft Academic Search

Author metricsMicrosoft Academic Search

Open Microsoft Academic Search
and search your name. A link to your profile will appear at the top of
the results list; alternatively, click on your name in one of the
publications listed to bring it up. In your profile, various metrics are
displayed, including citations, h-index, g-index (modified form of the
h-index based on average number of citations per article) and
information on co-authors.

Tip: An interesting option in Microsoft Academic Search is the 'Co-author graph'
(available in the left sidebar of each author profile): an interactive
visual representation of connections between scientists based on

Tip: You can edit information in your user profile by clicking the 'Edit'
button at the top right of your profile. A Microsoft Live ID is
required, and edits are pending approval/verification by Microsoft
Academic Search.

Article metrics

Open Microsoft Academic Search
and search an article or subject. In the results list, the number of
citations the article has received is visible following the title of
each publication ('Citations'). Click on this number to see a list of all citations.

 Tip: Microsoft Academic Search offers the option
to see the context of citations, that is, where in a document your
article is cited. To view this from the list of citations, click on 'Citation context' in the left sidebar.

Institutional metrics

Open Microsoft Academic Search
and search for your organization, using the Advanced Search option. If
the organization is recognized, Microsoft Academic Search will show the
organization's profile page, listing number of publications and
citations, top research areas and most cited authors.

Tip: It is also possible to compare two institutions using the 'Comparison'
option at the top of the organization's profile page. and to view a
visualization of domain trends, available in the left sidebar of the
organization's profile page.


Metrics in Mendeley

Article metrics Mendeley

Open Mendeley
(login not required) and search an article or subject using the search
bar in the tab 'Papers'. For each article, the number of Mendeley users
that have added this paper to their Mendeley library ('readers')
is shown underneath the information about the article. When you click
on the article's title, more information on readership statistics can be
found in the right sidebar.

Institutional metrics

Academic institutions can subscribe to Mendeley's Institutional Edition
which offers, among other features, information on research production
(papers from the institution present in Mendeley) and detailed
readership information (which papers Mendeley users from that
institution are reading/bookmarking).


Metrics in ImpactStory

Author metrics ImpactStory

Open ImpactStory and click 'Try it for free'.
In the subsequent window, you are asked to create an account, which is
free for the first 30 days. After creating an account, you can import
your research output connected with your Google Scholar ID or ORCID. If
needed, you can add articles, datasets etc. by filling out the
respective boxes.

(NB. Importing from Google Scholar does not seem to work in Internet Explorer.)

Instead of making your own impact report, you can also click on 'See an example profile'
at the bottom of the main website. You are then shown a sample page
containing links to articles, a dataset, slides and a webpage.

Each item in your collection will have information added as to how
often it is viewed/saved/cited/discussed recommended by scholars (blue
boxes) and by the public (green boxes). To view details on these metrics
(including their sources) click either on one of the blue/green boxes
or on the title of the item. Each metric also carries a percentile
range, measured against a reference set of all papers indexed in Web of
Science the same year.

Tip: More information on creating a Google
(Scholar) account and activating Google Scholar Citations, as well as on
creating an ORCID, is available in the LibGuide Researcher profiles.

Article metrics

To view article level metrics in ImpactStory you need to make an impact report as described above under Author metrics. It is not possible to search for individual articles on ImpactStory.

Tip: After the first 30 days, Impact Story charges $60 a year to
maintain your profile. It should be noted Impact Story is fully
committed to remain open, independent and non-commercial. More
information on the subscription model can be found in the ImpactStory FAQ.


Metrics in PLOS One

Article metrics PLOS One

Open PLOS One (or any of the the other PLOS Journals) and search an article or subject. In the results list, underneath each article it is indicated whether the article has any views (both html views and downloads, in PLOS One and PubMedCentral), citations (in Scopus, Web of Science, CrossRef, PubMedCentral or Google Scholar), saves (in Mendeley or CiteULike) or shares/iscussions
(on Twitter, Facebook, blogs or in the comments on PLOS One itself).
Click on either of these categories to see the metrics in more detail.


Metrics in Altmetric

Article metrics

AltmetricAnother commercial provider of altmetrics data is Altmetric.
Their distinctive 'Altmetric donut' with data on coverage of articles
in social media, news outlets, blogs, as well as Mendeley readers, are
included in various databases such as Scopus.

As a demo, they have developed PLOS Impact Explorer,
a PLOS-mashup that shows altmetrics for PLOS papers that have recently
received coverage. It is not possible to search for specific papers
using this tool.

Altmetric also offers a free bookmarklet you can add to your browser, that gives altmetrics data for any DOI it detects on a webpage you are viewing.

Institutional metrics

Altmetric offers subscripion to two analytical tools: Altmetric for institutions, which allows you to see detailed metrics for papers on institutional, departmental and author levels, and Altmetric Explorer,
which allows you to make a selection of papers from a specific journal,
topic or PubMed search and see and download Altmetric data for these
papers. Free access to Altmetric is available for librarians and
institutional repository managers.


Metrics in Plum Analytics

Plum Analytics Plum Analytics is a commercial product owned by Ebsco. In addition to author metrics and article metrics, Plum Analytics offers aggregated institution metrics to subscribing institions.  To see some examples and view sample profiles, go to  and click 'Groups' at the top of the page.


Traditional and altmetrics - Research Impact