is a combination of words alternative and metrics. The term altmetrics
also stands for article level metrics. As the legacy of bibliometrics,
altmetrics is related to science and scientific publishing. Altmetrics
is linked particularly to online publishing, data availability and the
Internet's social horizon. Altmetrics measures a publication's online
visibility by the numbers of, for instance, clicks, downloads, blog
posts, bookmarks, likes and tweets.
Tools and services
social networking service is the first "social media for researchers"
that has brought together more than 48 million members (2017). In
Academia.edu, you can share your publications (remember to check your
licenses) and read the publications of others, but you can also ask and
talk about science-related subjects or ask for comments for your
manuscript. In Academia.edu, you can monitor the impact of your
publications and observe your own field of research and fellow
scientists. Articles uploaded into the service are well visible in
Google search queries. You can log in to Academia.edu using your Google
or Facebook account.
free of charge social networking service targeted towards researchers
has already over 12 million users (2017). By creating a profile, you can
share your publications, read the publications of others and discuss,
ask and comment science-related questions. The ResearchGate's search
engine will search for publications from its own system and, in
addition, from several other databases (including PubMed, CiteSeer,
arXiv and NASA HQ Library). The function also presents the users
suggestions about groups and literature that may interest them, along
with users interested in the same subjects.
Before uploading your
publication to ResearchGate, check with your publisher, funder and
research organisation that you have the right to share material. You can
download other publications from the service for your use, but remember
to check the material's rights to use. The responsibility of using
downloaded material is always with the user. If needed, find out the
rights to use from the original source (for example, a scientific
publication) or enquire a permission to use the material from its owner.
ResearchGate provides you with up-to-date information about the views,
downloads and citations regarding your publications. You can also create
open or closed groups and participate in the discussion forums.
Colleagues can work on documents in collaboration from anywhere in the
world. In addition, the site has its own listing of scientific job
If a publisher has not defined a separate policy about
sharing material in a researchers' social networking service, you can
check publishers' parallel publishing policies in the Sherpa/Romeo service.
is a subscribed database and a tool for efficiently comparing and
analysing the research activities of an individual scientist, a research
group, a research unit or on nation level. The analyses in the weekly
updated SciVal are based on the information in the Scopus database
starting from the year 1996. With SciVal, you can observe the research
performance of 7,500 research units in 220 countries.
is available for the staff and students of the University of Eastern
Finland. You can use SciVal by registering yourself as a user. Using
SciVal, you can find out, for example, numbers of citations, the strong
areas of an organisation's research, potential collaborative partners,
the field's ascending and descending research topics or the most cited
researchers. You can use SciVal when recruiting, searching for research
collaborators, comparing your own university/research group to other
similar instances or as a strategic planning support for research.
is talking or writing about your research online? Altmetric follows
this situation using your output itself (article, book, presentation,
report), your identifier (DOI, ORCID, PubMedID, URN) and all mentions in
The Altmetrics donut shows you in which services your research has been noticed and how much attention it has received. The data
is collected from a versatility of documents and services, like media,
blogs and social networking services. The Altmetric donut can come
across on publishers' article pages, organisations' publication
databases (such as the UEF eRepository)
and also on individual researchers' websites. Anyone can easily add the
Altmetric it! bookmark on their browser and also use other tools free
of charge. The service also has tools with certain usage fees.
reference management software and academic networking in the same
service. Mendeley helps a researcher with their reference management and
bibliography listing. You can save your references in PDF format, read
them and make notes on them (cf. RefWorks). A purchasable version has even more features.
can be used via a desktop version (Mendeley Desktop) and online. With
the browser add-on Web Importer, you can save references easily from the
Internet into the Mendeley library. Word Plugin is an add-on for your
text editing software (Word, LibreOffice). It allows you to add
references and biography lists into your text files.
profile page, you can share your publications, follow your colleagues,
join groups and observe the visibility and impact of your research.
social bookmark-based free of charge service that allows you to manage
and share references. The service has a special feature: see who read
the same material as you do.
in 1994, the oldest free of charge academic peer network that Elsevier
bought in the year 2016. Contains research and conference publications
of sociological and human sciences as preprints. In other words, works
as a parallel publishing archive for especially the mentioned fields of
science. There are also ranking lists based on numbers of downloads.
is an open source altmetrics tool. A researcher can use it to measure
and share the impact of their publications, blog posts, files/documents
and software/programs. With the metrics provided, a researcher can see
how many times their work has been downloaded or shared, and a funder
can find out the effects of their input by other means besides
The service is linked to the ORCID researcher identifier
and it shows the publications' Mendeley saves and tweets, reveals their
open access status, tells how many countries they have been read and
shared in, tells which one of them is the most popular etc. Registration
is free of charge, but an ORCID identifier and a Twitter account would
be better to have in advance, if you wish to use the service.
ImpactStory is a non-profit, foundation-funded organisation.
free of charge service for a researcher, Kudos, can be used to make
publications more visible and more easily findable. The service is meant
for researchers who want to increase their publications' numbers of
usage and references. Kudos does not function automatically but requires
the researcher or other operator to add metadata to the publications'
Kudos has service costs for organisations and
funders who want to increase the impact of the research they are
financing and publishers who wish to develop closer co-operation with
researchers and to increase the accessibility of the publications.
provides up-to-date metrics for research impact evaluation, but for the
time being, UEF does not have this program in use (NB! UEF has a
similar program, SciVal, available).
In PlumX, research impact
is evaluated using traditional methods, for instance, based on the
numbers downloads and references, but there are also newer types of
indicators, such as likes, comments and shares in different databases
and social media services (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Mendeley). The
different tools of PlumX make it possible to follow what type of
visibility and societal impact organisations have received, for example,
on university or researcher level. Of Finnish universities, University of Helsinki
and Tampere University of Technology have subscribed to a PlumX
license. The analyses are based on the available data, which is exported
to PlumX from selected sources of information (international reference
databases, publishing registers). Besides research organisations, also
research funders utilise the program.
Researcher social media and altmetric tools | UEF